TENSES

Tenses dalam bahasa Inggris berarti time (waktu). Dalam bahasa Inggris ada 16 bentuk waktu.

  1. 1. Simple Present Tense

Uses :

  • Menyatakan perbuatan yang biasa dilakukan/rutinitas
  • Menyatakan suatu kebenaran umum

Formula :

S + am/is/are + C

S + Verb 1 /Verb 1 + s/es + O

Adverb : always, usually, sometimes, never, often, every etc

Note : I/we/you menggunakan verb 1

he/she/it menggunakan verb 1 + s/es

Example :

  • Ø My father is teacher
  • Ø The world is round
  • Ø We eat rice every day
  • Ø She goes to campus by motorcycle

  1. 2. Present Continous Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang sedang berlangsung

Formula :

S + am/is/are + Verb + ing + O

Adverb : now, today, at moment

Example :

  • Ø Her sister is reading a magazine
  • Ø I am watching television now
  1. 3. Present Future Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan perbuatan yang akan datang

Formula :

S + will/shall + be + C

S + will/shall/be going to + Verb 1 + O

Adverb : tomorrow, next, etc

Note :  Will dapat digunakan untuk semua subyek

Shall hanya dapat digunakan untuk she/he/it

Example :

  • Ø I will be here tomorrow
  • Ø We are going to MID Test next week
  • Ø She shall come there tomorrow morning

  1. 4. Present Perfect Tense

Uses :

  • Menyatakan peristiwa yang baru saja terjadi
  • Menyatakan peristiwa yang dimulai sejak dulu dan masih berlangsung hingga skarang

Formula :

S + has/have + been + C

S + has/have + Verb 3 + O

Adverb : since, just, for, etc

Note :  Have digunakan untuk subyek I/they/we/you

Have digunakan untuk she/he/it

Example :

  • Ø She has gone since morning
  • Ø We have lived in New York since 2005

  1. 5. Simple Past Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang sudah berlalu

Formula :

S + was/were + C

S + Verb 2 + O

Adverb : last, ago, yesterday, etc

Note :  Was digunakan untuk subyek I/she/he/it

Were digunakan untuk you/they

Example :

  • Ø The train was ten minutes late
  • Ø My mother gave me money yesterday

  1. 6. Past Continous Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang terjadi secara bersamaan di masa lampau

Formula :

S + was/were + Verb + ing + O

Adverb : when, while

Note :  Was digunakan untuk subyek I/she/he/it

Were digunakan untuk you/they

When diikuti kalimat past tense

While digunakan untuk kalimat past continous tense

Example :

  • Ø I was studying English when my mother arrived
  • Ø While They were playing football, Anton came

  1. 7. Past Future Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang akan datang yang dilakukan pada waktu lampau

Formula :

S + should/would + be + C

S + should/would + Verb 1 + O

Adverb : before

Example :

  • Ø I should watch the foot ball the week before

  1. 8. Past Perfect Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang terjadi secara berurutan di masa lampau

Formula :

S + Had + Been + C

S + Had+ Verb 3 + O

Adverb : before, after

Note :  Before diikuti kalimat past tense

After digunakan untuk kalimat past perfect tense

Example :

  • Ø I slept in bedroom after my father had gone
  • Ø My aunt had cooked in kitchen before I arrived

  1. 9. Present Perfect Continous Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang dimulai pada waktu lampau dan mmasih berlangsung hingga sekarang

Formula :

S + Has/Have + Been + Verb + ing

Adverb : since, for

Example :

  • Ø You have been learning English for a year
  • Ø They have been studying since morning

  1. 10. Future Continous Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang akan sedang terjadi

Formula :

S + Will/Shall + Be + Verb + ing

Example :

  • Ø We shall be coming to your house tomorrow

  1. 11. Future Perfect Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang sudah dimulai pada waktu lampau dan segera selesai pada waktu yang akan dating

Formula :

S + Will/Shall + Have + Verb 3

Example :

  • Ø They will have finished their work by Monday

  1. 12. Future Perfect Continous Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang sudah dimulai pada waktu lampau tetapi kemungkinan masih dilanjutkan pada waktu mendatang

Formula :

S + Will/Shall + Have + Been +Verb + ing

Example :

  • Ø I shall have been studying here five month by the end of the March

  1. 13. Past Perfect Continous Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang sudah dimulai dan masih berlangsung pada waktu lampau

Formula :

S + Had + Been +Verb + ing

Example :

  • Ø We had been cleaning the class when our teacher came
  • Ø They had been singing, when we studied dancing

  1. 14. Past Future Continous Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang akan sedang dilakukan pada waktu lampau

Formula :

S + Would/Should + Be +Verb + ing

Example :

  • Ø He would be giving me a dictionary

  1. 15. Past Future Perfect Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan peristiwa yang tidak mungkin terjadi karena syaratnya tidak terpenuhi pada waktu lampau

Formula :

S + Would/Should + Have + Verb 3

Example :

  • Ø You would have worked if he had worked hard

  1. 16. Past Future Perfect Continous Tense

Uses :

Menyatakan bentuk future perfect continous dalam bentuklampau

Formula :

S + Would/Should + Have + Been + Verb + ing

Example :

  • Ø I should have been working there for two years by the end of this year

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